Newtown Bible Church

Disciples Prayer: God's Kingdom Righteousness (Matthew 6:10a)

Let’s begin this morning by reading our passage, and then we will look at the next section of this glorious portion of the Lord’s teaching.

READ: Matthew 6:9-10.

*The Lord is teaching us here, how to pray. We have already noted:

I. The Prerequisites of Prayer: (A) Pattern of Prayer: how to pray according to the will of God: “Pray in this way” in this manner. It is a model prayer.

(B) Priority of Prayer: Prayer is like breathing for the Christian, it is the impulse of a regenerate heart. God communicates manifold grace through prayer.

(C) Privilege of Prayer: “Father” - by grace and not by natural birth. By nature we are rebels, dead in sin, enemies of God, who gladly follow the god of this world. But by grace God is our Father through the Lord Jesus Christ.

“Who is in heaven” Not so much a reference to His location, rather, acknowledgement of His authority, glory, power, holiness, even transcendence; yet He is personal. “The LORD is near to all who call upon Him, to all who call upon Him in truth.” (Ps. 145:18). Transcendent, yet near to all who “broken and contrite of heart.”

II. The Content of Prayer: Adoration : Seeking the glory of God, (A) Sanctification: God’s Holy Name “Hallowed by Your Name” OR “make Your Name holy” - the very first aspect of prayer is the desire for the glory of God in all things. That our approach to God is in recognition of His glory and our request aimed at that end.

Now we come to the second aspect of this Adoration: (B) Summation: God’s Kingdom Righteousness, “Your kingdom come” - the second request is that God’s kingdom would be established and made manifest upon the earth. *It is to long for Him, and the glorious display of His sovereign righteousness of on earth. It is to pray for His glorious presence on earth.

Now, before we can understand what the Lord is teaching us to pray for we need to understand what exactly is the Kingdom of God? What are we praying for Him to establish?

Jesus references the “Kingdom of heaven,” in 5:3, 10, 19 [x2], 20; 6:10, 33; 7:21. This is the same as the “Kingdom of God” - This is the same kingdom announced at the beginning of the ministry of both John the Baptist and the Lord Jesus (3:2; 4:17).

We covered this in Matt. 3:2 [can listen to sermon], however, let me briefly review the kingdom in Scripture. Two aspects of the Kingdom: (1) Universal Kingdom; (2) Mediatorial Kingdom

(1) Universal Kingdom:

God’s absolute rule over all of creation. He is Creator, Ruler, King every tribe, tongue, nation, and atom in the universe. Ps. 10:16 “The LORD is King forever and ever”; 29:10 “The LORD sat as King at the flood; yes, the LORD sits as King forever”; Ps. 47:7-8 “God is the King of all the earth … God reigns over the nations, God sits on His holy Throne” Ps. 103:19 “The LORD has established His throne in the heavens, and His sovereignty rules over all”; Dan. 4:17 “The Most High is ruler over the realm of mankind” [could be multiplied].

(2) Mediatorial Kingdom:

(A) God’s rule through men (Gen. 1:26-28).

God created us to have fellowship with Him, to enjoy Him, and to glorify Him by joyful submission to His sovereign rule.

Because of the entrance of sin into the world, this created order was ruptured and instead of willing and joyful obedience, man became a rebel against God.

There is currently “domain of darkness” influenced by Satan who is “god of this world” - you don’t need to look long to realize that humanity, by and large, does not submit to God’s rule.

God, then, chose and formed a people through whom He would reveal Himself and enter into relationship with. Him as their God and King, they as His obedient subjects.

(B) God’s rule through a nation (Gen. 12:1-3; 17:1-6): people/land/blessing.

Ex. 19:6 “You shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation”

“You” of all the kingdom of the earth will be My people; I will be Your King / God you will be My obedient subjects.

(C) God’s rule through a human king.

They rejected this rule 1 Sam. 8 and asked for a human king like all the nations. God gives it to them a king like they want in the person of Saul, and then choses the king He wants: David “man after God’s own heart”). From the line of David God promises to bring a King whose reign and rule will be fore ever and ever. 2 Sam. 7:12-13.

(D) God’s rule through the God-Man.

The One whom Isaiah said would be born of a virgin, who would be called “Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of peace. There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, on the throne of David and over his kingdom”; and who would bear the penalty of the sin of His people: “As a result of the anguish of His soul the righteous One My servant will justify the many”

(A) It is a kingdom that will endure forever.

Dan. 2:44 “In the days of those kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which will never be destroyed, and that kingdom will not be left for another people; it will crush and put an end to all these kingdom, but it will itself endure forever.”

Dan. 7:9-14 - this kingdom is associated with the “Son of Man” whose rule will be over the nations.

(B) It is a kingdom marked by the spiritual realities of the new birth.

Jer. 31:31-34; Ezek. 36:26-28 Under the rule of the Davidic King: 37:24.

Forgiveness of sin, new birth, indwelling Holy Spirit, Law written on heart.

The Jews looking for this King; they were waiting for this kingdom.

The mediatorial kingdom in the OT failed because of the sinfulness of man. The great anticipation of the people was for the King that would come, that would not fail, that would establish God’s kingdom once and for all on the earth and in the hearts of His people.

This kingdom became present with the appearing of the Lord Jesus Christ, and was the great announcement of Matthew. “Jesus Messiah, Son of David”

JOHN THE BAPTIST 3:2 “Repent for the kingdom of heaven is at hand”; JESUS 4:17 “Repent for the kingdom of heaven is at hand” DISCIPLES 10:7 “Go and preach saying, ‘The kingdom heaven is at hand”

It is a glorious kingdom, one in which Jesus could say, “The one who is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he”

Just as Jesus and the prophets had foretold, the Jews rejected the King and the kingdom and crucified the “Lord of glory” (John 19:-15 “Jesus then came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, ‘Behold, the Man!’ So when the chief priests and the officers saw Him, they cried out saying, ‘Crucify, crucify!’ … [later Pilate brought Him out again] and he said to the Jews, ‘Behold, your King!’ So they cried out, ‘AAway with Him, away with Him, Crucify Him!’ Pilate said to them, ‘Shall I crucify your King?’ The chief priests answered, ‘We have no king but Caesar.’”)

Now, it had to happen that way, just as Matthew said at the beginning (and as Isaiah prophesied) that He first had to come to “Save His people from their sins” (1:21), which meant dying as a substitute for His people, as an atonement for their sin. Jesus repeatedly reminded them of this.

Because of this last aspect, however, the disciples never really got it; that’s why even after the resurrection He had to explain it to two of them on the “Road to Emmaus”; and even after that they did not fully understand and they asked the Lord just before His ascension: [TURN TO} Acts 1:3, 6 “Is it at this time You are restoring the kingdom to Israel?”; [His response] 7-8.

But after the coming of the Holy Spirit they would understand more, they understood that it was yet future and began to preach the kingdom and the gospel of grace.

How are we to understand the kingdom now?

It seems best to understand the kingdom as that which was promised and offered to the Jews, they rejected it, therefore, it was given to the Gentiles at the current time as an inheritance they will share with the Jews, both in its future earthly aspects, and its present spiritual blessings of forgiveness of sin, the indwelling Holy Spirit, as promised in the New Covenant. God has not forsaken His people Israel, they too, as a nation will by God’s sovereign activity turn to their Messiah and enter into the blessings and inheritance promised to them in the OT.

Now, It is something we have as an inheritance (1 Cor. 6:9)

It will be realized in a future age Rev. 11:15 “loud voices in heaven, saying, ‘the kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever” - the world’s kingdom will be taken over by the kingdom of Christ when He comes to judge the nations and establish the 1st phase of His kingdom on earth for 1,000 years after the Tribulation (Rev. 20:1-4). After this there will be a final destruction of Satan and the wicked, a final judgement, and then the Eternal State.

A kingdom that will one day, in the eternal state will be delivered up to God the Father, [TURN TO / READ - context of Resurrection] 1 Cor. 15:22-28!

This is not our true home; we are citizens of another kingdom that cannot be shaken; an eternal kingdom; a kingdom wherein the true King of kings and Lord of lords reigns eternal and who very glory will be the light of heaven. That is our true home - it is the home that God’s people long for.

At this point Jesus was yet to be glorified and ascended back to the Father. Just as He told them in John 16, they could not handle everything now, but at the coming of the Spirit more would be revealed. They did not yet understand all that He meant by the kingdom, but they would understand significantly more after Pentecost. But they did and now we do and put this toward understanding the Lord’s instructions here.

So, what is it that we are to pray for? Let’s note 4 realities we are seeking in this prayer “Your kingdom come”

(1) It is to pray for God’s justice to be established, destruction of the wicked.

Lk 18:1-8 -

When Jesus returns and establishes His kingdom on earth it will be a time of terrible judgment on all the wicked and unbelieving. 2 Thess. 1:5-10 [TURN TO / READ]. Rev. 16:5-7. 2 Pet. 3:13.

The initiation of this events are the beginning of the Tribulation period. (Rev. 6:16-17; 19:11f).

(2) It is to pray for the salvation of others.

God is building His kingdom through the ministry of preaching the gospel. It is through preaching Christ crucified, risen, and returning: Acts 20:24-25.

When a sinner is saved; when God regenerates their heart, grants faith and repentance through the ministry of the Word, and they are made alive together with Christ, the kingdom is advanced.

Matt 13 *Mustard seed expanding; pear of great price; treasure hidden in the field. Matt. 18 it is entered with the humble faith of a child.

(3) It is to pray that righteousness and submission to the will of God would be evident in our lives & the lives of His people.

The very point of the Sermon is to mark the true righteousness of those who are truly in the kingdom of God, in contrast to their false external righteousness (5:3-12; 20; 6:33 “seek first His kingdom and His righteousness” - that is everything that marks the righteousness of the kingdom.

Self-sacrificing service; Love for the brethren; love for Christ. Obedience from the heart.

(4) It is to pray and long for the presence and unending fellowship with the Lord Jesus Christ.

We adore Him by longing for Him, by longing for His presence, by longing and praying for the reality of His glorious presence on earth, the glory of God in Christ to be the shining light and joy of every living thing upon the earth. For His justice to be established, for righteousness to reign, for faith to be sight.

Now we live in a world of sin, around us and in us. A world that rejects Christ, that scorns and rebels against His righteousness, a world of lies, deceit, pride, violence, destruction, war, blasphemy, immorality, hypocrisy, and it is only going to get worse before His return. Oh, but how glorious He will return. The kingdoms of this world seem so strong but they are passing away, they will be destroyed, sin will be done away, the whole earth will be filled with His glory.

God has left us with such glorious and wonderful truth to sustain our hearts, such a glorious picture of His return, of His dwelling with us and us with Him: Rev. 21:1-5, 21-27; 22:1-5 [TURN TO / READ].

And it is for this reason, because of the greatness of the wondrous glorious of our inheritance in Christ, because we will see Him “face to face”; 22:17 “The Spirit and the bride say, ‘Come.’ And let the one who hears say, ‘Come!’ … [20] He who testifies to these things says, ‘Yes, I am coming quickly.’ and so with John we pray, in the same heart as the Lord’s instructions here: “Amen. Come Lord Jesus.”

“Your kingdom come” is a request that expresses the longing for the righteousness of God’s kingdom & the glory of Christ’s presence to be experienced on earth. A time when God’s Name is revered and recognized by all as holy, when His will is carried out by all men. The kingdom where righteousness reigns, where God sits among His people, on His glorious throne, and in eternal & perfect fellowship with men.

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