North Chester Baptist Church

Living with Dual Citizenship

“It is hoped that but few will think the subject of [this sermon] an improper one to be discoursed on in the pulpit, under a notion that this is preaching politics, instead of Christ. However, to remove all prejudices of this sort, I beg it may be remembered that 'all Scripture is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness.' Why, then, should not those parts of Scripture which relate to civil government be examined and explained from the desk, as well as others?”

from the Preface of Dr. Jonathan Mayhew's published sermon


Romans 13


  1. The Powers That Be Vs 1
    1. Called the Higher Powers
    2. Because they are ordained of God
  2. The Ruler’s Purpose Vs 3-4
    1. To be a terror to evil works Vs 3
    2. To be a minister of God for Good Vs 4
    3. To bear the sword Vs 4
    4. To execute wrath on evil-doers. Vs 4
      1. Government exists to provide and protect freedom for individuals whom God has created. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.”
      2. The Founding Fathers of this nation looked for inspiration and guidance to God and His Word.
        1. LIBERTY Leviticus 25:10 And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a jubile unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family.
        2. LIBERTY Jeremiah 34:17 Therefore thus saith the Lord; Ye have not hearkened unto me, in proclaiming liberty, every one to his brother, and every man to his neighbour: behold, I proclaim a liberty for you, saith the Lord, to the sword, to the pestilence, and to the famine; and I will make you to be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth.
        3. LIMITED ROLE OF GOVERNMENT Exodus 18:24-26 So Moses hearkened to the voice of his father in law, and did all that he had said. And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves.And Moses let his father in law depart; and he went his way into his own land.
        4. ORIGINAL SEAL of OUR NATION - Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, & Thomas Jefferson formed a committee to create a seal. Their original idea was a seal that on one side would represent the Children of Israel following the Pillar of Fire through the wilderness.
  3. The Responsibility of the People Vs 1-2, 6-8
    1. To Be Subjects (To be Good Citizens)
    2. To Pay Taxes Vs 6-8
    3. To Effect change in our government
  4. Does this mean that the Founders, 240 years ago, were in violation of the teaching of Romans 13?
      1. Rebellion to tyrants is obedience to God.” Rev. Jonathan Mayhew
    1. The Apostles on being subject to the higher powers:
      1. Acts 5:17-29 Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which is the sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with indignation, And laid their hands on the apostles, and put them in the common prison. But the angel of the Lord by night opened the prison doors, and brought them forth, and said, Go, stand and speak in the temple to the people all the words of this life. And when they heard that, they entered into the temple early in the morning, and taught. But the high priest came, and they that were with him, and called the council together, and all the senate of the children of Israel, and sent to the prison to have them brought. But when the officers came, and found them not in the prison, they returned, and told, Saying, The prison truly found we shut with all safety, and the keepers standing without before the doors: but when we had opened, we found no man within. Now when the high priest and the captain of the temple and the chief priests heard these things, they doubted of them whereunto this would grow. Then came one and told them, saying, Behold, the men whom ye put in prison are standing in the temple, and teaching the people. Then went the captain with the officers, and brought them without violence: for they feared the people, lest they should have been stoned. And when they had brought them, they set them before the council: and the high priest asked them, Saying, Did not we straitly command you that ye should not teach in this name? and, behold, ye have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and intend to bring this man's blood upon us. Then Peter and the other apostles answered and said, We ought to obey God rather than men.
    2. Jesus Command on Government
      1. Mark 12:14-17 And when they were come, they say unto him, Master, we know that thou art true, and carest for no man: for thou regardest not the person of men, but teachest the way of God in truth: Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not? Shall we give, or shall we not give? But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why tempt ye me? bring me a penny, that I may see it. And they brought it. And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? And they said unto him, Caesar's. And Jesus answering said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's. And they marvelled at him.




Our responsibility is to our God. To obey Him at all costs. What greater service can we offer our nation than: To Pray for our leaders (1 Timothy 2:1-4)

      1. For Kings
      2. All in authority
      3. That we may live in Freedom


I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks, be made for all men; For kings, and for all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty. For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour; Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth. - 1 Timothy 2:1-4


Let Freedom Ring so that the Gospel Light may freely shine in America!

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